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علّقوا عضوية المملكة العربية السعودية في مجلس حقوق الإنسان التابع للأمم المتحدة | Human Rights Watch

يونيو 29, 2016

علّقوا عضوية المملكة العربية السعودية في مجلس حقوق الإنسان التابع للأمم المتحدة

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JUNE 29, 2016

Suspend Saudi Arabia from the UN Human Rights Council

We call upon the United Nations General Assembly to immediately suspend the membership rights of Saudi Arabia in the UN Human Rights Council.

General Assembly Resolution 60/251, which created the Human Rights Council, provides that “the General Assembly, by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting, may suspend the rights of membership in the Council of a member of the Council that commits gross and systematic violations of human rights.”

Saudi Arabia has committed gross and systematic violations of human rights during its time as a Council member, and it has used its position on the Council to shield itself from accountability for its violations in Yemen. Saudi Arabia leads the military coalition fighting in Yemen, with Riyadh hosting its command control structure. Since 26 March 2015, the coalition has carried out numerous attacks that have violated international humanitarian law, including indiscriminate and disproportionate airstrikes that have killed and injured many civilians. It has repeatedly used internationally banned cluster munitions, including in civilian populated areas.

Despite well-documented violations by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, there has been no accountability. Saudi Arabia has failed to conduct credible, impartial and transparent investigations into possible war crimes and has used its position on the Human Rights Council, aided by its allies, to effectively obstruct the creation of an independent international investigation, as urged by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. A national commission of inquiry set up by the internationally recognized Yemeni government, backed by Saudi Arabia, has to date failed to carry out credible investigations into violations in the conflict. Moreover, Saudi Arabia has used the threat of withdrawing funds from critical UN programs to compel the UN Secretary-General to remove the coalition from his “List of Shame” for killing and maiming children and attacking schools and hospitals in Yemen. We call on the General Assembly to suspend Saudi Arabia’s rights of membership in the Human Rights Council until it not only ends unlawful attacks in Yemen, but also conducts a credible and impartial investigation that meets international standards or agrees to – and cooperates with – an independent international inquiry into alleged violations in Yemen.

In the past year, UN institutions have denounced violations by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. 

The UN Panel of Experts on Yemen, established by UN Security Council Resolution 2140 (2013), in a report made public on January 26, 2016, “documented 119 coalition sorties relating to violations” of the laws of war. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rightsestimates that at least 3,539 civilians have been killed and 6,268 wounded since coalition military operations began. In March 2016, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said the coalition was responsible for twice as many civilian casualties as other forces combined, according to OHCHR figures. He noted, “It would appear to be the case that the distinction between legitimate military targets and civilian ones – which are protected under international law – is at best woefully inadequate… [a]nd at worst, we are possibly looking at the commission of international crimes by members of the Coalition.”

Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have documented 69 unlawful airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition, some of which may amount to war crimes, which have killed at least 913 civilians and have hit residences, markets, hospitals, schools, civilian businesses, and mosques. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have also documented 19 attacks involving internationally banned cluster munitions.

Concerns about Saudi Arabia’s human rights record at home also compromises its membership in the Human Rights Council. Since Saudi Arabia joined the Council in January 2014, its crackdown on all forms of dissent has continued unabated, including through the use of grossly unfair trials at a special counter-terror court and long prison terms for peaceful dissidents and human rights defenders. Executions in Saudi Arabia have surged, with more than 350 having been carried out since it was elected to the Council. A large number of these executions were not imposed for the most serious crimes but for offenses such as non-violent drug-related crimes. Among those facing execution are individuals who were under 18 at the time of their alleged offense, in violation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which Saudi Arabia is a party. Some of these death sentences appear to have been based solely on “confessions” that the defendants say were obtained through torture or other ill-treatment.

Saudi Arabia also continues to discriminate against women in law and practice, including through the imposition of the male guardianship system, which treats all adult women as legal minors. Discrimination against the Shi’a minority remains systematic and entrenched; a prominent Shi’a Muslim cleric was executed in January 2016, following a grossly unfair trial, and other Shi’a activists have been arrested, imprisoned and face the death penalty following their alleged participation in protests. The authorities have failed to take adequate measures to protect migrant workers from abuse.

When it ran for election to the Human Rights Council in 2013, Saudi Arabia pledged to “support the human rights bodies and mechanisms of the United Nations and cooperate constructively with them, particularly the Human Rights Council and its subsidiary mechanisms.”[1] However, Saudi Arabia’s engagement with the Human Rights Council and other UN human rights mechanisms has not been satisfactory: it currently has seven outstanding requests from the Council’s Special Procedures to visit the country, some of which are 10 years old.[2]The government issued a travel ban against activist Samar Badawi in 2014 after she spoke at the Council on behalf of imprisoned Saudi activist Waleed Abu al-Khair. Several other Saudi human rights defenders who have cooperated with the Human Rights Council have been imprisoned. Ministry of Interior regulations stipulated in 2014 provisions that contacting “any groups… or individuals hostile to [Saudi Arabia]” is a “terrorist crime.”

As the Human Rights Council marks its tenth anniversary, its performance, effectiveness and adherence to membership criteria are under scrutiny. UN member states should ensure that the Human Rights Council does not face the same loss of credibility as its predecessor, the UN Commission on Human Rights. Failure to act on Saudi Arabia’s gross and systematic human rights violations committed in Yemen, and its use of its membership to obstruct independent scrutiny and accountability threatens the credibility of both the Council and the General Assembly.

 

NGO Signatories

Human Rights Watch

Amnesty International

 

[1] A/68/535, Note verbale dated 6 October 2013 from the Permanent Mission of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations addressed to the President of the General Assembly, 17 October 2013

[2]  Visits of Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council to Saudi Arabia since 1998, Office of the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights  http://spinternet.ohchr.org/_Layouts/SpecialProceduresInternet/ViewCount…

Region / Country

 Middle East/North Africa Saudi Arabia Yemen

ندعو الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة إلى أن تعلق على الفور حقوق المملكة العربية السعودية في عضوية “مجلس حقوق الإنسان” التابع للأمم المتحدة.

فقرار الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة رقم60/251، الذي أنشأت بموجبه “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، ينص على أنه: “… يجـوز للجمعيـة العامـة أن تقـرر، بأغلبيـة ثلثـي الأعـضاء الحاضـرين والمـشتركين في التــصويت، تعليــق حقــوق عــضوية المجلــس الــتي يتمتــع بها أي مــن أعــضائه إذا مــا ارتكــب انتهاكات جسيمة ومنهجية لحقوق الإنسان”.  

لقد ارتكبت المملكة العربية السعودية انتهاكات جسيمة ومنهجية لحقوق الإنسان خلال فترة عضويتها في المجلس، ووظفت موقعها في المجلس لتحصين نفسها في وجه المساءلة عن انتهاكاتها في اليمن. فالسعودية هي التي تتزعم التحالف الذي يقاتل في اليمن، حيث تستضيف الرياض هيكل القيادة والسيطرة للتحالف. ومنذ 26 مارس/آذار 2015، شن هذا التحالف هجمات عديدة خرقت أحكام القانون الدولي الإنساني، بما في ذلك هجمات جوية عشوائية وغير متناسبة قتلت وجرحت العديد من المدنيين. ودأب، وبصورة متكررة، على استعمال الذخائر العنقودية المحرمة دولياً، بما في ذلك في المناطق المأهولة بالسكان المدنيين.

لقد ظلت الأمور، وعلى الرغم من الانتهاكات الموثقة جيداً التي ارتكبها التحالف بقيادة السعودية في اليمن، تسير دون مساءلة. فامتنعت السعودية عن إجراء تحقيقات ذات مصداقية ومحايدة وشفافة في جرائم الحرب المحتملة، ووظفت موقعها في “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، بدعم من حلفائها، لمنع إنشاء تحقيق دولي مستقل، وفق ما أوصى به. أما لجنة التحقيق الوطنية التي أنشأتها الحكومة اليمنية المعترف بها دولياً، والتي تدعمها السعودية، فلم تقم حتى اليوم بأية تحقيقات ذات مصداقية في الانتهاكات التي شهدها النزاع. وفضلاً عن ذلك، استخدمت المملكة العربية السعودية التهديد بسحب التمويل الذي تقدمه لبعض البرامج الهامة للأمم المتحدة لإجبار الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة على حذف اسم التحالف من “قائمة العار” لقتل الأطفال وقطع أطرافهم، وشن الهجمات على المدارس والمستشفيات في اليمن. إننا ندعو الجمعية العامة إلى تعليق حقوق المملكة العربية السعودية في عضوية “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، ليس فحسب إلى حين وقف هجماتها غير القانونية في اليمن، وإنما أيضاً إلى إجراء تحقيق محايد وذي صدقية في تلك الهجمات، أو موافقتها على إجراء تحقيق دولي مستقل في مزاعم الانتهاكات في اليمن، وتعاونها مع هذا التحقيق.   

لقد استنكرت مؤسسات الأمم المتحدة، في السنة الماضية، الانتهاكات التي ارتكبها التحالف الذي تتزعمه السعودية في اليمن.

ففريق الخبراء المعني باليمن التابع للأمم المتحدة، الذي أنشئ بموجب قرار مجلس الأمن الدولي 2040 (2013)، قام في تقرير نشر على الملأ، في 26 يناير/كانون الثاني 2016، “بتوثيق 119 طلعة جوية للتحالف مرتبطة بانتهاكات” لقوانين الحرب. وتقدر“المفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان” عدد المدنيين الذي قتلوا منذ بدء العمليات العسكرية للتحالف بما لا يقل عن3,539 قتيلاً، بينما قدرت عدد الجرحى بما لا يقل عن 6,268. وفي مارس/آذار 2016،صرح المفوض السامي لحقوق الإنسان للأمم المتحدة زيد رعد الحسين بأن التحالف مسؤول عن ضِعف عدد الضحايا المدنيين مقارنة مع باقي قوات النزاع  بحسب بيانات “المفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان”. وأشار بأن “التفريق بين الأهداف العسكرية المشروعة والأعيان المدنية- المحمية بموجب القانون الدولي- لا يبدو كافياً على نحو مثير للأسى، فيما يخص الحالة التي بين أيدينا، على ما يبدو… وإذا ما رأينا الأمور من الزاوية الأسوأ، فلربما نكون بصدد النظر في ارتكاب أعضاء التحالف جرائم دولية”.

من ناحيتهما، قامت هيومان رايتس ووتش ومنظمة العفو الدولية بتوثيق 69 ضربة جوية غير قانونية شنها التحالف بقيادة السعودية، ولربما يرقى بعضها إلى مرتبة جرائم الحرب، حيث أدت إلى مقتل ما لا يقل عن 913 مدنياً ودمرت منازل وأسواقاً ومستشفيات ومدارس ومصانع وورشات عمل مدنية ومساجد. كما وثقت هيومان رايتس ووتش ومنظمة العفو الدولية 19 هجوماً استخدم فيها التحالف بقيادة السعودية الذخائر العنقودية المحرمة دولياً.

إن بواعث القلق بشأن سجل المملكة العربية السعودية الداخلي لحقوق الإنسان تشكّل خطرًا آخر على عضويتها في “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”. فمنذ انضمام  المملكة العربية السعودية للمجلس، في يناير/كانون الثاني 2014، تواصلت حملتها القمعية ضد جميع أشكال الرأي الآخر بلا هوادة، بما في ذلك من خلال استخدام المحاكمات البالغة الجور، في محكمتها المتخصصة بمكافحة الإرهاب، لإصدار أحكام طويلة الأجل بالسجن بحق ذوي الرأي السلمي المعارض والمدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان. بينما وصلت أعداد ما نُفذ من أحكام بالإعدام حدوداً مثيرة للفزع، فبلغت منذ انتخاب السعودية لعضوية المجلس أكثر من 350. ولم يكن لعدد كبير من هذه الإعدامات أية صلة بالجرائم الأشد خطورة، وإنما بجرائم من قبيل تهريب وحيازة المخدرات. وبين من يواجهون الإعدام أفراد كانوا دون سن 18 عندما قبض عليهم، ما يشكل انتهاكاً “لاتفاقية حقوق الطفل”، والسعودية دولة طرف فيها. وقد استند بعض أحكام الإعدام التي نفذت حصراً، على ما يبدو، إلى “اعترافات” قال المتهمون إنها انتزعت منهم من خلال التعذيب أو غيره من ضروب سوء المعاملة.

كما إن المملكة العربية السعودية ماضية في التمييز ضد المرأة في القانون والواقع الفعلي، بما في ذلك عبر فرض نظام وصاية الرجل على المرأة، الذي يعامل جميع النساء الراشدات كقاصرات من الناحية القانونية. بينما يظل التمييز ضد الأقلية الشيعية منهجياً ومتجذراً؛ فأعدم أحد أبرز رجال الدين المسلمين الشيعة، في يناير/كانون الثاني 2016، بناء على محاكمة بالغة الجور، وقبض على ناشطين شيعة آخرين وسجنوا ويواجهون عقوبة الإعدام لا لشيء إلا لمشاركتهم المزعومة في مظاهرات الاحتجاج. ولم تتخذ السلطات ما يكفي من التدابير لحماية العمال الأجانب من التعرض للانتهاكات.

إن المملكة العربية السعودية قد تعهدت عندما ترشحت لانتخابات “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، في 2013، بأن “تدعم هيئات حقوق الإنسان وآليات الأمم المتحدة، وتتعاون معها على نحو بناء، ولا سيما مع مجلس حقوق الإنسان والآليات المنبثقة عنه”.[1]بيد أن مشاركة المملكة العربية السعودية في عمل “مجلس حقوق الإنسان” وسواه من آليات حقوق الإنسان التابعة للأمم المتحدة ما برحت تفتقر إلى الإقناع: فما زالت الطلبات التي تقدمت بها سبع من الإجراءات الخاصة للمجلس لزيارة السعودية تنتظر الرد، ويعود بعضها إلى 10 سنوات خلت.[2] كما أصدرت الحكومة قراراً بمنع سفر الناشطة الحقوقية سمر بدوي، في 2014، عقب تحدثها أمام المجلس عن قضية الناشط السعودي المسجون وليد أبو الخير. ويقبع عدة مدافعين آخرين عن حقوق الإنسان في السعودية، ممن تعاونوا مع “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، وراء القضبان حالياً. بينما تنص أنظمة وزارة الداخلية التي أقرت في 2014 على اعتبار الاتصال “بأية جماعات معادية.. أو أفراد معادين [للمملكة العربية السعودية]” هو “جريمة إرهابية”.

إن “مجلس حقوق الإنسان”، سيجد مع اقتراب الاحتفالات بالذكرى العاشرة لتأسيسه أن أداءه وفعاليته ومدى تقيده بمعايير العضوية التي أنشئ على أساسها على المحك. وينبغي على الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة ضمان أن لا يواجه “مجلس حقوق الإنسان” انعدام الثقة وضياع المصداقية نفسيهما اللذين واجهتهما لجنة حقوق الإنسان، الهيئة التي جاء خلفاً لها. ومن شأن عدم التصرف بشأن الانتهاكات الجسيمة والمنهجية لحقوق الإنسان التي ارتكبتها المملكة العربية السعودية في اليمن، وتوظيفها عضويتها لإعاقة التفحص المستقل لتصرفاتها ومساءلتها عنهاـ أن يهدد مصداقية المجلس والجمعية العامة.

المنظمات غير الحكومية الموقعة

 

منظمة العفو الدولية                                                      هيومن رايتش ووتش

 [1]  A/68/535، مذكرة شفوية مؤرخة في 6 أكتوبر/تشرين الأول 2013 ومقدمة من “بعثة المملكة العربية السعودية الدائمة إلى الأمم المتحدة” وموجهة إلى رئيس الجمعية العامة، 17 أكتوبر/تشرين الأول 2013.

 

[2] زيارات الإجراءات الخاصة لمجلس حقوق الإنسان للمملكة العربية السعودية منذ 1998، المفوضية السامية لحقوق الإنسان،

http://spinternet.ohchr.org/_Layouts/SpecialProceduresInternet/ViewCount…

https://www.hrw.org/ar/news/2016/06/29/291378

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Ahlul Bayt Knowledge, Poems, Quotes

God re-enslaves his slaves. He re-enslaves us to save us

“Compelled”

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During Ramadan,
The voice of choice is so soft, most Muslims can’t even hear it,
Cuz we’re bathed in, and possessed by The Ramadan Spirit.

For at least a month of days
God re-enslaves his slaves.
He re-enslaves us to save us
From human weaknesses that would other wise deprave us.

Because from the cradle to the grave
Most humans are submerged in wave, after wave
Of inordinate desires… 
He craves, she craves, they crave, we crave
After gross things to taste, and foolish ways to “be-have.”

Thus God thrusts upon us
A blessed compulsion that elevates us above the dust
From which we are constructed,
So that our lives wont be conducted
As if God created souls to be slaves
To the gross foolish things our feeble flesh craves.

Unfortunately, unlike angels, man can rebel against what God Compels.
Mistaking arrogant pride as a virtue, man often resells
His most blessed chains of humility induced by deep spiritual discipline
Choosing simply to follow in
What the-less-than-blessed have the audacity to wallow in.

But even the weakest Muslims in sectarian Babylon
Tend to give in to God’s dictates in Most Blessed Ramadan.

What exquisite chains God uses to spiritually bind us,
To thoughts words and deeds that, ritually remind us
To continually realign ourselves with what will incline us
To the ethics, and values God uses to confine us
In the highest state of our nature God Wills to assign us.

In most other days the weak spirit craves
After sleep…
We creep into our comfortable temporary graves…
Sink under the covers, and forget that a true believer prays
Fifty two rakats… making our nights resemble our days.
But in blessed Ramadan we are compelled to set the alarm clock’s bell to dispel the spell of unconsciousness until the earth’s revolution begins to dispel The Darkness with a swell of light on the Eastern horizon.

And in those hours of the night when hungry souls are most inclined to be contrite, many feast upon enough light to prostrate, and ponder the plight of a soul that’s not altogether wrong, but not anywhere near all right. And in the darkness and aloneness of prayerful pre-daylight, a time when souls tend to mend their ways of sin aided by merciful hindsight, there’s no need to fight back the tears caused by fears due to contrite insight. That’s when… right then… we realize that if God chose to justifiably indict, there’s no way save through Mercy, God would give us the invite to dwell forever in heaven with souls brighter than moonlight. Then each sincere tear, each shudder in fear, is an increase in vigilant, pious foresight, and a turn towards God Consciousness, where mended souls then tend to avoid sins, then auspiciously do right.

Then later, as the pray-er fasts from marital bliss and from food, and sights, words, and deeds that are crude, skewed, and lewd… The Great Spirit of Ramadan will be graciously imbued with God’s forgiveness and mercy issued and reissued with God’s Most Gracious Magnanimous Gratitude.

We tend to forget that Ramadan not only chains the Satan who tempts us,
We Muslims are also refrained by shackles, and chains that exempts us     
From having to choose, and then possibly lose to the unchained ego that invariably pimps us….

That’s how light these rite chains of God Conscious Light are.
We’re dragged against our will to the reservoir of AlKauthar
Pied Piper prancing to Quran’s Holy repertoire.
Ramadan makes us behave like a superstar.
Compelled to excel and to be who we really are.

2015 Agenda, Beyond 2015, Ahlul Bayt Knowledge, DOCUMENTARY, DW, Film, Healing, Healing from Negativity, Negativity leads to Cancer, Cancer Cure, Hope, Optimism, Trust Allah, Rely on Allah, Smile and Breath Allah Exists :), Links, Media, Media Watch

Is EU collapsing? | هل أصبحت أوروبا على شفا الانهيار

هل أصبحت أوروبا على شفا الانهيار؟

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هل اقترب اتحاد الدول الأوروبية من نهايته؟ هذا هو السؤال المركزي لهذا الفيلم الذي يسلط فيه علماء وصحفيون وسياسيون الضوء على الوضع الحالي للاتحاد الأوروبي. خمس قصص من خمس دول أوروبية تعطي انطباعا عن أزمة الهوية التي تمر بها أوروبا الحالية، وتقدم صورة عن “الحلم الأوروبي” وعن خطر نهايته المبكرة. هل يشير تزايد الشعور بالقومية واستمرار الأزمة الاقتصادية وعدم الرضا المتزايد بين السكان إلى انزلاق الاتحاد الأوروبي نحو الكارثة؟ وأين تمكن بالضبط مشاكل الاتحاد الأوروبي؟ هذا الفيلم يرسم صورة قاتمة للمستقبل من خلال سيناريو تخيلي تم فيه حل الاتحاد الأوروبي وإلغاء اليورو. يقدم الفيلم طفلة عمرها 8 سنوات تجلس في طائرة متجهة إلى برلين، وتمر فوق أوروبا التي عادت لتصبح دولا قومية معزولة. يقوم عالم آثار في الفيلم بشرح ما كان عليه الاتحاد الأوروبي للطفلة، وما الذي خسرته أوروبا بعد ذلك. مقابلات وصور أرشيفية في مزيج سينمائي وثائقي. الفيلم يقدم صورة لأوروبا التي تستحق الدفاع عنها.
http://dw.com/p/1IrTA

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A Saudi, 2 Hijackers and Lingering 9/11 Mystery – NYTimes.com

A Saudi, 2 Hijackers and Lingering 9/11 Mystery

The photo is available on the source Web.

Khalid al-Mihdhar at Dulles International Airport near Washington on Sept. 11, 2001. Mr. Mihdhar is one of two 9/11 hijackers who American investigators say may have been aided by a Saudi official.

JUNE 17, 2016

WASHINGTON — Inside an opulent palace in Riyadh late one evening in February 2004, two American investigators interrogated a man they believed might hold answers to one of the lingering mysteries of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks: What role, if any, did officials in Saudi Arabia’s government play in the plot?

The man under questioning, Fahad al-Thumairy, had been a Saudi consular official based in Los Angeles and the imam of a mosque visited by two of the hijackers. The investigators, staff members of the national 9/11 commission who had waited all day at the United States Embassy before being summoned to the late-night interview, believed that tying him to the plot could be a step toward proving Saudi government complicity in the attacks.

They were unsuccessful. In twointerviews lasting four hours, Mr. Thumairy, a father of two then in his early 30s, denied any ties to the hijackers or their known associates. Presented with phone records that seemed to contradict his answers, he gave no ground, saying the records were wrong or people were trying to smear him. The investigators wrote a report to their bosses saying they believed Mr. Thumairy was probably lying, though no government investigation into the Sept. 11 attacks has ever found conclusive evidence that Mr. Thumairy — or any other Saudi official — assisted in the plot.

But nearly 15 years after the attacks on New York and Washington, the question of a Saudi connection has arisen again amid new calls for the release of a long-classified section of a 2002 congressional inquiry into the attacks that discusses a possible Saudi role in the terrorist plot — the so-called 28 pages, whose secrecy has made them almost mythical.

American officials who have read the 28 pages say that, of all the investigative leads in that section of the report, the unanswered questions about Mr. Thumairy and the two hijackers remain the most intriguing. If there was any Saudi government role whatsoever, some still believe, it most likely would have gone through Mr. Thumairy.

Nawaf al-Hazmi, one of the 9/11 hijackers.

FBI

The fact that years of investigation found no hard proof of official Saudi involvement has led some, notably the Saudi government, to argue that it is now the stuff of wild conjecture and conspiracy theory. The material in the 28 pages has been thoroughly investigated, the Saudi foreign minister, Adel al-Jubeir, said during a news conference here on Friday, and “those investigations have revealed that these allegations are not correct.”

“There is no there there,” he said.

John O. Brennan, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, said during a recent interview with the Saudi-owned Al Arabiya television network that while he supported the release of the 28 pages, “people shouldn’t take them as evidence of Saudi complicity in the attacks.” American investigations into 9/11, he said, concluded that the attacks were the work of “Al Qaeda, of Bin Laden” and “others of that ilk.”

But to some, all the circumstantial evidence provides a glimpse of a truth that has yet to be unearthed.

“It’s one of those cases where there are an awful lot of very troubling coincidences,” said Richard L. Lambert, who oversaw the investigation into the hijackers’ contacts as the assistant agent in charge of theF.B.I.’s San Diego office in the year after the attacks.

At the F.B.I., the Sept. 11 plot officially remains an open case. While there is broad agreement on how it unfolded, there are aspects of the investigation that remain unresolved. And the mystery begins with the arrival at Los Angeles International Airport on Jan. 15, 2000, of two Saudi men who more than year and a half later would be among the hijackers who crashed American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

Apart from their proven devotion to the jihadist cause, the men, Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdhar, seemed unlikely choices for a pair of terrorists who would have to survive, and plot for months, in the United States. Neither spoke English or had experience navigating American life.

That circumstance would make it all the more critical for the F.B.I., after the attacks, to find out whether the two hijackers received help after reaching Los Angeles. But after an exhaustive canvass of hotels, investigators were unable to find any definitive evidence of where and how Mr. Hazmi and Mr. Mihdhar spent their first two weeks in the United States. By some accounts, however, they worshiped at the King Fahad Mosque in the Culver City area, where Mr. Thumairy was an imam, and they may have stayed in a nearby apartment rented by the mosque.

An F.B.I. document from 2012, cited last year by an independent review panel, concluded that Mr. Thumairy “immediately assigned an individual to take care of al-Hazmi and al-Mihdhar during their time in the Los Angeles area.” The review broadly upheld the conclusions of the 9/11 commission on Saudi involvement, and the F.B.I. has still not been able to fill other gaps in the timeline of those initial two weeks in January 2000.

When the two hijackers reappeared in early February, they were eating at a restaurant, Mediterranean Gourmet, near the mosque. There, they encountered Omar al-Bayoumi, a fellow Saudi who was on the Saudi government payroll through the country’s civil aviation authority, possibly with an assignment to keep an eye out for Saudi dissidents in California.

Mr. Bayoumi later told the F.B.I. that the meeting was happenstance — that he overheard Mr. Hazmi and Mr. Mihdhar, noticed their Gulf accents and struck up a conversation. But the bureau believed that Mr. Bayoumi had met with Mr. Thumairy at the mosque just before he met the hijackers in the restaurant, and investigators wondered whether Mr. Thumairy had arranged the meeting.

At the time, Mr. Thumairy was part of a network of representatives of the Saudi Ministry of Islamic Affairs, which finances mosque-building, trains clerics and proselytizes the conservative and intolerant strain of Islam known as Wahhabism. During his interview in Riyadh in 2004, Mr. Thumairy spoke fondly of his six years in Los Angeles, praising the warm weather and friendly people. His job at the consulate and the nearby mosque, he said, was to answer religious questions.

But investigators wrote that Mr. Thumairy appeared to be “deceptive” when questioned about his contacts, notably with Mr. Bayoumi. He denied knowing Mr. Bayoumi, despite telephone records that showed 21 calls between them over two years.

“There is no there there,” Adel al Jubeir, the Saudi foreign minister, said Friday in Washington about allegations that the 9/11 hijackers received help from Saudi officials.

Whether out of charitable instincts or at someone’s direction, Mr. Bayoumi, then 42, helped the two future hijackers settle in San Diego, in the apartment building where he himself lived. He co-signed the lease and paid the security deposit and first month’s rent, though they reimbursed him.

Mr. Lambert, the former F.B.I. official in San Diego, said he was skeptical that the assistance was given by chance. With the 9/11 plot riding on the hijackers’ ability to manage daily life, he said, Qaeda leaders would most likely have made arrangements to get them help.

“I have to believe something was planned for the care and nurturing of these guys after they arrived,” he said. “They weren’t too sophisticated, and they didn’t speak English. They needed help getting settled and making preparations.”

There were other tantalizing suggestions of a possible network of supporters. Mr. Hazmi and Mr. Mihdhar began worshiping at a San Diego mosque where the imam was Anwar al-Awlaki, an American cleric who years later would became an infamous online recruiter for Al Qaeda. A Yemeni student named Mohdar Abdullah drove them around, helped them open bank accounts and connected them with flight schools. Two Saudi naval officers living in San Diego had telephone contact with Mr. Hazmi.

But it was the Thumairy-Bayoumi connection that some investigators found to be the most suspicious.

The first independent panel investigating the attacks, the Congressional Joint Inquiry, compiled a list of leads into the California part of the plot that it turned over to the F.B.I. and C.I.A. and eventually became part of the 28 pages withheld from the public version of the report. That section has remained classified even though the Saudi government has long called for its release. Mr. Jubeir, the Saudi minister, reiterated that call on Friday because, he said, his government could not “respond to blank pages.”

The questions about his government’s possible role are coming from several sources. The Senate unanimously passeda bill last month that would make it easier to sue the Saudi government for any role in the terrorist attacks, and the House might take up the bill next week. A lawsuit filed against Saudi Arabia on behalf of the families of those killed in the attacks continues its slow progress through the courts.

See the source

Interactive Feature | The Big Four in Saudi Arabia’s GovernmentBrief background information on the most powerful figures in the kingdom, and how they stand in the sometimes complicated order of succession.

Eleanor J. Hill, the staff director for the congressional inquiry, cautioned that the 28 pages were not a Rosetta Stone that would decipher the enduring puzzles of 9/11.

“What the 28 pages are is a summary of the information given to the agencies for further investigation,” she said. “Nobody should be expecting that the 28 pages will give a final conclusion”

In a statement in April, Thomas H. Kean and Lee Hamilton, the 9/11 commission’s co-chairmen, insisted that they took all questions about a possible Saudi role in the plot seriously, following up on the leads in the 28 pages. They said that while the commission had “not found evidence” that Mr. Thumairy assisted the hijackers, he was “still a person of interest” in the case.

The commission’s final reportsaid that “we have found no evidence that the Saudi government as an institution or senior Saudi officials individually funded” Al Qaeda. Today, some commission staff members point out that the wording did not rule out the possibility that lower-ranking Saudi officials had assisted the hijackers. They also said the commission operated under extreme time pressure and was not able to follow up fully on every lead.

Mr. Thumairy’s visa was quietly revoked in 2003 because American officials believed he was a “radical imam,” documents show. When he tried to return to Los Angeles from a trip home, he was detained for two days and sent back to Saudi Arabia. But he told his interrogators that night in 2004 that he would never have knowingly assisted terrorists.

“He said that he has always spread the message of peace, both in the U.S. and here in Saudi Arabia, and especially since 9/11,” the two commission investigators who questioned him, Dieter Snell and Rajesh De, wrote in their report on the interview.

“He said he wants to work with the U.S. and the Saudi government because terrorism hurts everyone.”

Follow Scott Shane on Twitter@ScottShaneNYT, and Mark Mazzetti@markmazzettiNYT.

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Saudi Blackmail at the U.N. – NYTimes.com

Opinion

LETTER

Saudi Blackmail at the U.N.

JUNE 17, 2016

To the Editor:

Ban Ki-moon’s Thankless Position” (editorial, June 11) says the secretary general “had no real choice” but to capitulate to Saudi Arabia’s demands that he remove the Saudi-led coalition from his “list of shame” for killing and maiming children and attacking schools and hospitals in Yemen.

Saudi Arabia reprehensibly threatened to cut off funding for United Nations programs, putting Mr. Ban in a terrible position. But he had a choice, and it will have long-term consequences.

By caving in to Saudi Arabia’s blackmail, Mr. Ban sends a message that other countries can use improper pressure to escape accountability for their abuses. It’s not just a few funds and programs that will suffer, but the United Nations’ legitimacy and broader civilian protection agenda.

JO BECKER

Children’s Rights Advocacy Director

Human Rights Watch

New York

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KSA representative at UN and his funny ‘my right’| السفير السعودي وعبارته “من حقي” المضحكة

KSA couldn’t be justifying enough to silence the list of atrocities it has been committing over decades in the region.

KSA ambassador to UN Faisal Trad asked the head of the session held on June 15, 2016 at UN,  in Geneva to discontinue the presentation of the Kuwaiti MP and Human Right Prominent Activist Abdul Hameed al Dashti.

Al Dashti was highlighting in his presentation how the Middle East has been left behind concerning any sustainable development amid nonstop crises, conflicts and wars plotted by the kingdom.
He also stressed the kingdom’s atrocities over decades in the region specially in Bahrain and Iraq. Al Dashti described KSA war against Yemen as a barbaric and savergary aggression.
KSA representative claimed the right of not being taken by camera.
The head replied: “[the cameraman is a member of the press and I think he can take your photo.”
USA speaker urged the head of the session to let al Dashti continue.
Al Dashti remaining seven sentences bolded KSA continuous attacks against pilgrimages in al Haj in Mecca.

سفير السعودية وعبارته المضحكة “حقي” قاطع سفير السعودية كلام عبد الحميد الدشتي الذي كان يستعرض قائمة الانتهاكات السعودية في المنطقة واصفا الحرب على اليمن بالبربرية والوحشية. وحين ادار المصور البحريني كاميرته لتوثيق ردة فعل السعودي اعترض عليه مدعيا “ليس من حقه ان تصورني” وعندما انتهى المترجم مع ترجمة عبارته ليقرر الجلسة ابتسم وقال: “انه صحافة ومن حقه ان يصور.” فادعى السعودي “الصورة من حقي” فاكد له “انه صحافة ومن حقه ان يصورك. ودعا الدشتي الى اتمام جمله السبعة الاخيرة فاستعرض فيها انتهاكات السعودية لحجاج بيت الله الحرام خلال عقود.
Watch “شاهد: السفير السعودي في جنيف يفقد أعصابه ويطالب بمنع الإعلامي موسى عبدعلي من تصويره” on YouTube

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The Moral Characteristics of the Prophets: A Quranic Perspective

Practice

The Moral Characteristics of the Prophets: A Quranic Perspective
January 19, 2016, 12:53 pm

(This work by Mahnaz Heydarpoor and Mohammad Ali Shomali was originally posted here

There are a number of ways to understand the best qualities of human beings in Islam. One way is to study how God has described the Prophets in the Qur’an, since they are the people who are chosen by God as His messengers and are the best ones to be chosen by human beings as their guide and role models.

For this purpose, this paper tries to present a Qur’anic account of the characteristics of each of the Prophets mentioned in the Qur’an. This paper also shows that moral characteristics occupy a central, if not, the central, position in God’s praise of their qualities and this illustrates the significance of morality in Islam.

Characteristics of Prophet Muhammad

1. Submissive to God

So if they argue with you, say, ‘I have submitted my will to God, and [so has] he who follow me.’ And say to those who were given the Book and the uninstructed ones, ‘Do you submit?’ If they submit, they will certainly be guided, but if they turn away, then your duty is only to communicate; and God sees best the servants. (3:20)

He has no partner, and this [creed] I have been commanded [to follow],and I am the first of those who submit [to God].’ (6:163)

2. Gentle to the people

It is by God’s mercy that you are gentle to them; and had you been harsh and hardhearted, surely they would have scattered from around you. So excuse them, and plead for forgiveness for them, and consult them in the affairs, and once you are resolved, put your trust in God. Indeed God loves those who trust in Him. (3:159)

3. Deep concern for the people

There has certainly come to you an apostle from among yourselves. Grievous to him is your distress; he has deep concern for you, and is most kind and merciful to the faithful. (9:128)

4. Most kind and merciful to the faithful

There has certainly come to you an apostle from among yourselves. Grievous to him is your distress; he has deep concern for you, and is most kind and merciful to the faithful. (9:128)

5. Who has faith in God and His words

Say, ‘O mankind! I am the Apostle of God to you all, [of Him] to whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no god except Him. He gives life and brings death.’ So have faith in God and His Apostle, the uninstructed prophet who has faith in God and His words, and follow him so that you may be guided. (7:158)

See also 10:104 and 39:14.

6. God-fearing

When Our manifest signs are recited to them, those who do not expect to encounter Us say, ‘Bring a Qur’an other than this, or alter it.’ Say, ‘I may not alter it of my own accord. I follow only what is revealed to me. Indeed should I disobey my Lord, I fear the punishment of a tremendous day. (10:15)

Say, ‘Indeed, should I disobey my Lord, I fear the punishment of a tremendous day.’ (39:13)

7. Pure in his worship

Say, ‘O people! if you are in doubt about my religion, then [know that] I do not worship those whom you worship besides God. Rather I worship only God, who causes you to die, and I have been commanded to be among the faithful, (10:104)

Say, ‘[Only] God do I worship, putting my exclusive faith in Him. (39:14)

8. His heart is strengthened by God

Whatever We relate to you of the accounts of the apostles are those by which We strengthen your heart, and there has come to you in this [surah] the truth and an advice and admonition for the faithful. (11:120)

The faithless say, ‘Why has not the Qur’an been sent down to him all at once?’ So it is, that We may strengthen your heart with it, and We have recited it [to you] in a measured tone. (25:32)

9. He puts his trust in God

Thus have We sent you to a nation before which many nations have passed away, that you may recite to them what We have revealed to you. Yet they defy the All-beneficent. Say, ‘He is my Lord; there is no god except Him; in Him I have put my trust, and to Him will be my return.’ (13:30)

Whatever thing you may differ about, its judgment is with God. That is God, my Lord. In Him I have put my trust, and to Him I turn penitently. (42:10)

10. Mercy to all the inhabitants of the world

We did not send you but as a mercy to all the nations. (21:107)

11. Trustworthy

[saying,] ‘Give over the servants of God to me; indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (44:18)

12. Hard against the faithless

Muhammad, the Apostle of God, and those who are with him are hard against the faithless and merciful amongst themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in worship], seeking God’s grace and [His] pleasure. Their mark is [visible] on their faces, from the effect of prostration. Such is their description in the Torah and their description in the Evangel. Like a tillage that sends out its shoots and builds them up, and they grow stout and settle on their stalks, impressing the sowers, so that He may enrage the faithless by them. God has promised those of them who have faith and do righteous deeds forgiveness and a great reward. (48:29)

13. Devotion to God

Muhammad, the Apostle of God, and those who are with him are hard against the faithless and merciful amongst themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating [in worship], seeking God’s grace and [His] pleasure. Their mark is [visible] on their faces, from the effect of prostration.(48:29)

Indeed your Lord knows that you stand vigil nearly two thirds of the night -or [at times] a half or a third of it- along with a group of those who are with you. (73:20)

14. Great character

Nun. By the Pen and what they write: you are not, by your Lord’s blessing, crazy, and yours indeed will be an everlasting reward, and indeed you possess a great character. You will see and they will see, which one of you is crazy. Indeed your Lord knows best those who stray from His way, and He knows best those who are guided. (68:1-4)

15. Good example

In the Apostle of God there is certainly for you a good exemplar, for those who look forward to God and the Last Day, and remember God greatly. (33:21)

Characteristics of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham)

1. Righteous

And who will [ever] renounce Abraham’s creed except one who fools himself? We certainly chose him in the [present] world, and in the Hereafter he will indeed be among the Righteous. (2:130)

We gave him good in this world, and in the Hereafter he will indeed be among the Righteous. (16:122)

And We gave him Isaac and Jacob, and We ordained among his descendants prophethood and the Book, and We gave him his reward in the world, and in the Hereafter he will indeed be among the Righteous. (29:27)

2. Submissive to God

When his Lord said to him, ‘Submit,’ he said, ‘I submit to the Lord of all the worlds.’ (2:131)

See also 3:67 and 37:103.

3. Upright (hanif)

Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian. Rather he was a hanif, a Muslim, and he was not one of the polytheists. (3:67)

Say, ‘God has spoken the truth; so follow the creed of Abraham, a hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists. (3:95)

And who has a better religion than him who submits his will to God, being virtuous, and follows the creed of Abraham, a hanif? And God took Abraham for a dedicated friend. (4:125)

Indeed I have turned my face toward Him who originated the heavens and the earth, as a hanif, and I am not one of the polytheists.’ (6:79)

Say, ‘Indeed my Lord has guided meto a straight path, the upright religion, the creed of Abraham, a hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists.’ (6:161)

Indeed Abraham was a nation obedient to God, a hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists. (16:120)

Then We revealed to you [saying], ‘Follow the creed of Abraham, a hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists.’ (16:123)

4. Benefactor (muhsin)

And We gave him Isaac and Jacob and guided each of them. And Noah We had guided before, and from his offspring, David and Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron -thus do We reward the benefactor- (6:84)

You have indeed fulfilled the vision! Surely thus do we reward the benefactor. (37:105)

Thus do We reward the benefactor. (37:110)

5. Tender-hearted (awwah)

Abraham’s pleading forgiveness for his father was only to fulfill a promise he had made him. So when it became manifest to him that he was an enemy of God, he repudiated him. Indeed Abraham was most tender-hearted and forbearing. (9:114)

Abraham was indeed forbearing, most tender- hearted, [and] penitent. (11:75)

6. Forbearing (halim)

Abraham’s pleading forgiveness for his father was only to fulfill a promise he had made him. So when it became manifest to him that he was an enemy of God, he repudiated him. Indeed Abraham was most tender-hearted and forbearing. (9:114)

Abraham was indeed forbearing, most tender- hearted, [and] penitent. (11:75)

7. Penitent

Abraham was indeed forbearing, most tender- hearted, [and] penitent. (11:75)

Our Lord! In You do we put our trust, and to You do we turn penitently, and toward You is the destination. (60:4)

8. Obedient

Indeed Abraham was a nation (or leader or model) obedient to God, a hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists. (16:120)

9. Grateful

Grateful [as he was] for His blessings, He chose him and guided him to a straight path. (16:121)

10. Most truthful

And mention in the Book Abraham. Indeed he was a most truthful one, a prophet. (19:41)

11. Meets his Lord with pure heart

when he came to his Lord with a pure heart, (37:84)

12. Faithful

He is indeed one of Our faithful servants. (37:111)

13. Puts his trust in God

…Our Lord! In You do we put our trust, and to You do we turn penitently, and toward You is the destination. (60:4)

14. Good example in his and his followers’ treatment of idol worshippers

There is certainly a good exemplar for you in Abraham and those who were with him, when they said to their own people, ‘Indeed we repudiate you and whatever you worship besides God. We disavow you, and between you and us there has appeared enmity and hate for ever, unless you come to have faith in God alone,’ except for Abraham’s saying to his father, ‘I will surely plead forgiveness for you, though I cannot avail you anything against God’. (60:4)

There is certainly a good exemplar for you in them -for those who look forward to God and the Last Day- and anyone who refuses to comply [should know that] indeed God is the All- sufficient, the All-laudable. (60:6)

Characteristics of the Prophet Isa (Jesus)

1. Righteous

He will speak to people in the cradle and in adulthood, and will be one of the righteous. (3:46)

and Zechariah, John, Jesus and Ilyas, -each of them among the righteous- (6:85)

2. Held in honour in the world and the Hereafter

When the angels said, ‘O Mary, God gives you the good news of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, held in honour in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near [to God]. (3:45)

3. Taught the Book and wisdom by God

And He will teach him the Book and wisdom, the Torah and the Evangel, (3:48)

When God will say, O Jesus son of Mary, remember My blessing upon you and upon your mother, when I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit, so you would speak to the people in the cradle and in adulthood, and when I taught you the Book and wisdom, the Torah and the Evangel, and when you would create from clay the form of a bird, with My leave, and you would breathe into it and it would become a bird, with My leave; and you would heal the blind and the leper, with My leave, and you would raise the dead, with My leave; and when I held off [the evil of] the Children of Israel from you when you brought them manifest proofs, whereat the faithless among them said, ‘This is nothing but plain magic.’ (5:110)

4. Near to God

When the angels said, ‘O Mary, God gives you the good news of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, held in honour in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near [to God]. (3:45)

When God said, ‘O Jesus, I shall take you[r soul], and I shall raise you up toward Myself, and I shall clear you of [the calumnies of] the faithless, and I shall set those who follow you above the faithless until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me will be your return, whereat I will judge between you concerning that about which you used to differ. (3:55)

5. Pure

He said, ‘I am only a messenger of your Lord that I may give you a pure son.’ (19:19)

6. Kind and considerate

and to be good to my mother, and He has not made me self-willed and wretched. (19:32)

Characteristics of the Prophet Musa (Moses)

1. Penitent

When Moses arrived at Our tryst and his Lord spoke to him, he said, ‘My Lord, show [Yourself] to me, that I may look at You!’ He said, ‘You shall not see Me. But look at the mountain: if it abides in its place, then you will see Me.’ So when his Lord disclosed Himself to the mountain, He leveled it, and Moses fell down swooning. And when he recovered, he said, ‘Immaculate are You! I turn to You in penitence, and I am the first of the faithful.’ (7:143)

2. Faithful

And when he recovered, he said, ‘Immaculate are You! I turn to You in penitence, and I am the first of the faithful.’ (7:143)

They are indeed among Our faithful servants. (37:122)

3. Purified

And mention in the Book Moses. Indeed he was purified [by God], and an apostle and a prophet. (19:51)

4. Given wisdom (and judgement)

So I fled from you, as I was afraid of you. Then my Lord gave me wisdom (judgment) and made me one of the apostles. (26:21)

5. Benefactor (muhsin)

Thus indeed do We reward the benefactor. (37:121)

6. Noble

Certainly We tried the people of Pharaoh before them, when a noble apostle came to them, (44:17)

7. Trustworthy

[saying,] ‘Give over the servants of God to me; indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (44:18)

Characteristics of the Prophet Yusuf (Joseph)

1. Most truthful

‘Joseph,’ [he said], ‘O truthful one, give us your opinion concerning seven fat cows who are eaten by seven lean ones, and seven green ears and [seven] others dry, that I may return to the people so that they may know [the truth of the matter].’ (12:46)

2. Trustworthy

The king said, ‘Bring him to me, I will make him my favourite.’ Then, when he had spoken with him, he said, ‘Indeed today [onwards] you are honoured and trustworthy with us.’ (12:54)

3. Good keeper

He said, ‘Put me in charge of the country’s granaries. I am indeed a good keeper [and] well-informed.’ (12:55)

4. Benefactor (muhsin)

That is how We established Joseph in the land that he may settle in it wherever he wished. We confer Our mercy on whomever We wish, and We do not waste the reward of the benefactor. (12:56)

Characteristic of the Prophet Yunus (Jonah)

1. He was of those who glorify God

And had he not been one of those who glorify God, (37:143)

Characteristics of the Prophet Lut (Lot)

1. Trustworthy

Indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (26:162)

2. Given wisdom (and judgement)

We gave wisdom (judgement) and knowledge to Lot, and We delivered him from the town which used to commit vicious acts. Indeed they were an evil and profligate lot. (21:74)

3. Given knowledge

We gave wisdom (judgement) and knowledge to Lot … (21:74)

4. Righteous

God draws an example for the faithless: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of our righteous servants, yet they betrayed them. So they did not avail them in any way against God, and it was said [to them], ‘Enter the Fire, along with the incomers.’ (66:10)

Characteristic of the Prophet Saleh

1. Trustworthy

Indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (26:143)

Characteristics of the Prophet Dawud (David)

1. Given wisdom and kingdom

Thus they routed them with God’s will, and David killed Goliath, and God gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him whatever He liked. Were it not for God’s repelling the people by means of one another, the earth would surely have been corrupted; but God is gracious to the world’s creatures. (2:251)

We made his kingdom firm and gave him wisdom and conclusive speech (or sound judgement). (38:20)

2. Given knowledge

…and taught him whatever He liked. . (2:251)

3. Strong

Be patient over what they say, and remember Our servant, David, [the man] of strength. Indeed he was a penitent [soul]. (38:17)

4. Penitent

Be patient over what they say, and remember Our servant, David, [the man] of strength. Indeed he was a penitent [soul]. (38:17)

Characteristics of the Prophet Aaron

1. Benefactor (muhsin)

Thus indeed do We reward the benefactor. (37:121)

2. Faithful

They are indeed among Our faithful servants. (37:122)

Characteristics of the Prophet Nuh (Noah)

1. He puts his trust in God

Relate to them the account of Noah when he said to his people, ‘O my people! If my stay [among you] be hard on you and [also] my reminding you of God’s signs, [for my part] I have put my trust in God. So conspire together, along with your partners, leaving nothing vague in your plan, then carry it out against me without giving me any respite. (10:71)

2. Grateful

descendants of those whom We carried [in the ark] with Noah. Indeed he was a grateful servant. (17:3)

3. Trustworthy

Indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (26:107)

4. Benefactor (muhsin)

Thus indeed do We reward the benefactor. (37:80)

5. Faithful

He is indeed one of Our faithful servants. (37:81)

6. Righteous

God draws an example for the faithless: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of our righteous servants, yet they betrayed them. So they did not avail them in any way against God, and it was said [to them], ‘Enter the Fire, along with the incomers.’ (66:10)

Characteristics of the Prophet Sulayman (Solomon)

1. Given judgement and knowledge

We gave its understanding to Solomon, and to each We gave judgement and knowledge. And We disposed the mountains and the birds to glorify [Him] with David, and We have been the doer [of such things]. (21:79)

2. Given knowledge

Certainly We gave David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, ‘All praise belongs to God, who granted us an advantage over many of His faithful servants.’ (27:15)

3. Penitent

And to David We gave Solomon -what an excellent servant! Indeed he was a penitent [soul]. (38:30)

Characteristics of the Prophet Yahya (John)

1. Eminent

Then the angels called out to him, as he stood praying in the sanctuary: ‘God gives you the good news of John, as a confirmer of a Word of God, eminent and chaste, a prophet, among the righteous.’ (3:39)

2. Chaste

.’God gives you the good news of John, as a confirmer of a Word of God, eminent and chaste, a prophet, among the righteous.’ (3:39)

3. Righteous

‘God gives you the good news of John, as a confirmer of a Word of God, eminent and chaste, a prophet, among the righteous.’ (3:39)

and Zechariah, John, Jesus and Ilyas, – each of them among the righteous- (6:85)

4. Compassionate

and a compassion and purity from Us. He was pious, (19:13)

and good to his parents, and was not self- willed or disobedient. (19:14)

5. Purity

and a compassion and purity from Us. He was pious, (19:13)

6. Pious

and a compassion and purity from Us. He was pious, (19:13)

and good to his parents, and was not self-willed or disobedient. (19:14)

Characteristic of the Prophet Elias

1. Righteous

and Zechariah, John, Jesus and Elias, -each of them among the righteous- (6:85)

Characteristics of the Prophet Hud

1. Puts his trust in God

Indeed I have put my trust in God, my Lord and your Lord. There is no living being but He holds it by its forelock. Indeed my Lord is on a straight path. (11:56)

2. Trustworthy

Indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (26:125)

Characteristics of the Prophet Shu’ayb

1. He puts his trust in God

He said, ‘O my people! Have you considered, should I stand on a manifest proof from my Lord, who has provided me a good provision from Himself? I do not wish to oppose you by what I forbid you. I only desire to put things in

order, as far as I can, and my success lies only with God: in Him I have put my trust, and to Him I turn penitently. (11:88)

2. Penitent

and my success lies only with God: in Him I have put my trust, and to Him I turn penitently. (11:88)

3. Trustworthy

Indeed I am a trusted apostle [sent] to you. (26:178)

Note: In the verse 11:87, those who had not believed in the Prophet Shu’ayb’s mission, characterised him with forbearance and right-mindedness:

They said, ‘O Shu’ayb, does your worship require that we abandon what our fathers have been worshiping, or that we should not do with our means whatever we wish? You are indeed [a] gentle and sensible [person].’ (11:87)

There are two views among the exegetes of the Qur’an in this regard. Some believe that they were not serious in this and were instead ridiculing him. Others believe that they had admitted that he possessed these two qualities and were asking him that why a person like him with such characteristics must ask them not to worship what their fathers used to worship.

Characteristics of the Prophet Yaqub (Jacob)

1. Puts his trust in God

And he said, ‘My sons, do not enter by one gate, but enter by separate gates, though I cannot avail you anything against God. Sovereignty belongs only to God. In Him I have put my trust; and in Him let all the trusting put their trust.’ (12:67)

2. Righteous

And We gave him Isaac, and Jacob as well for a grandson, and each of them We made righteous. (21:72)

Characteristics of the Prophet Ismail (Ishmael)

1. Submissive to God

So when they had both submitted [to God’s will], and he had laid him down on his forehead, (37:103)

2. Knowledgeable

They said, ‘Do not be afraid. Indeed we give you the good news of a knowledgeable son.’ (15:53)

Then he felt a fear of them. They said, ‘Do not be afraid!’ and they gave him the good news of a knowledgeable son. (51:28)

3. Truthful in his promise

And mention in the Book Ishmael. Indeed he was true to his promise, and an apostle and a prophet. (19:54)

4. Pleasing to his Lord

He used to bid his family to [maintain] the prayer and to [pay] the zakat, and was pleasing to his Lord. (19:55)

5. Patient

And Ishmael, Idris, and Dhul-Zifl -each of them was among the patient. (21:85)

When he was old enough to assist in his endeavour, he said, ‘My son! I see in a dream that I am sacrificing you. See what you think.’ He said, ‘Father! Do whatever you have been commanded. If God wishes, you will find me to be patient.’ (37:102)

So We gave him the good news of a forbearing son. (37:101)

Characteristics of the Prophet Ishaq (Isaac)

Righteous

And We gave him Isaac, and Jacob as well for a grandson, and each of them We made righteous. (21:72)

And We gave him the good news of [the birth of] Isaac, a prophet, one of the righteous. (37:112)

Characteristics of the Prophet Zechariah

1. Righteous

and Zechariah, John, Jesus and Elias, -each of them among the righteous- (6:85)

2. Humble before God

So We answered his prayer, and gave him John, and remedied his wife[‘s infertility] for him. Indeed they were ever quick in [performing] good

works, and they would supplicate Us with eagerness and awe and were humble before Us. (21:90)

3. Quick in performing good works

So We answered his prayer, and gave him John, and remedied his wife[‘s infertility] for him. Indeed they were ever quick in [performing] good works, and they would supplicate Us with eagerness and awe and were humble before Us. (21:90)

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59 examples of how the Quran tells Muslims to behave

FaithFeatured

59 examples of how the Quran tells Muslims to behave

AFREEN RIZVIJanuary 5, 2016, 9:56 am03158

The Qur’an was revealed by Allah in order for mankind to be guided. Below are 59 instructions that have been directly ordained upon us through the Holy Quran:

1. Do not be rude in speech

“So by mercy from Allah, [O Muhammad], you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him].” – The Holy Quran 3:159

2. Restrain Anger

“Who spend [in the cause of Allah] during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people – and Allah loves the doers of good.” – The Holy Quran 3:134

3. Be good to others

“Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.” – The Holy Quran 4:36

4. Do not be arrogant

“[Allah] said, “Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased.” –The Holy Quran 7:13

5. Forgive others for their mistakes

“Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant.” – The Holy Quran 7:199

6. Speak to people mildly

“And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [Allah].” – The Holy Quran 20:44

7. Do not ridicule one another

“O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let womenridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.”  – The Holy Quran 49:11

8. Do not say a word of disrespect to your parents

“Say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word” – The Holy Quran 17:23

9. Do not follow anyone blindly

“And when it is said to them, ‘Follow what Allah has revealed,’ they say, ‘Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.’ Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?” – The Holy Quran 2:170

10. Grant more time to repay if the debtor is in hard times

“And if someone is in hardship, then [let there be] postponement until [a time of] ease. But if you give [from your right as] charity, then it is better for you, if you only knew.” – The Holy Quran 2:280

11. Do not engage in bribery

“And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [it is unlawful].” – The Holy Quran 2:188

12. Do not break promises

“Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.” – The Holy Quran 2:177

13. Stand out firmly for justice

“O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah , even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.” – The Holy Quran 4:135

14. Women also have the right for inheritance

“And for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much – an obligatory share.” –The Holy Quran 4:7

15. Protect orphans

“To this world and the Hereafter. And they ask you about orphans. Say, “Improvement for them is best. And if you mix your affairs with theirs – they are your brothers. And Allah knows the corrupter from the amender. And if Allah had willed, He could have put you in difficulty. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” – The Holy Quran 2:220

16. Do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly

O you who have believed, do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful. –The Holy Quran 4:29

17. Try for settlement between people

“And if two factions among the believers should fight, then make settlement between the two. But if one of them oppresses the other, then fight against the one that oppresses until it returns to the ordinance of Allah . And if it returns, then make settlement between them in justice and act justly. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” – The Holy Quran 49:9

18. Avoid assumption

“O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin.” – The Holy Quran 49:12

19. Do not spy and backbite

And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful-The Holy Quran 49:12

20. Spend wealth in charity

“Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.” – The Holy Quran 57:7

21. Help those in need by finding them

“[Charity is] for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of Allah , unable to move about in the land. An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint, but you will know them by their [characteristic] sign. They do not ask people persistently [or at all]. And whatever you spend of good – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it.” – The Holy Quran 2:273

22. Speak to the needy kindly

“And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word.” – The Holy Quran 17:28

23. Honour your guests

“Then he turned quickly to his household, brought out a roasted fattened calf, and placed it before them.  He said: ‘Will you not eat?’”- The Holy Quran 51:26

24. Be dutiful towards your parents

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you.” – The Holy Quran 17:23

25. Practice what you preach

“Do you order righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?” –The Holy Quran 2:44

26. Stay away from corruption

“Eat and drink from the provision of Allah , and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.”- The Holy Quran 2:60

27. Fight only with those who fight you

“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors.” – The Holy Quran 2:190

28. Keep striving

“And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives” – The Holy Quran 53:39

29. There is no compulsion in religion

“There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.” – The Holy Quran 2:256

30. Choose rulers by their merit

“And their prophet said to them, “Indeed, Allah has sent to you Saul as a king.” They said, “How can he have kingship over us while we are more worthy of kingship than him and he has not been given any measure of wealth?” He said, “Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah gives His sovereignty to whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing [in favor] and Knowing.”” – The Holy Quran 2:247

31. Do not burden a person beyond his scope

“Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity. It will have [the consequence of] what [good] it has gained, and it will bear [the consequence of] what [evil] it has earned. “Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred. Our Lord, and lay not upon us a burden like that which You laid upon those before us. Our Lord, and burden us not with that which we have no ability to bear. And pardon us; and forgive us; and have mercy upon us. You are our protector, so give us victory over the disbelieving people.”” – The Holy Quran 2:286

32. Do not become divided

“And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided.” – The Holy Quran 3:103

33. Men and Women have equal rewards for their deeds

And their Lord responded to them, “Never will I allow to be lost the work of [any] worker among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. So those who emigrated or were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My cause or fought or were killed – I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah , and Allah has with Him the best reward.” –The Holy Quran 3:195

34. Do not be miserly

“Who are stingy and enjoin upon [other] people stinginess and conceal what Allah has given them of His bounty – and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.” – The Holy Quran 4:37

35. Do not be envious

“Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty? But we had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.” – The Holy Quran 4:54

36. Do not be an advocate for deceit

“Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.” – The Holy Quran 4:105

37. Stay away from sin and aggression

“… but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” – The Holy Quran 5:2

38. Be just

“O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah , witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.” – The Holy Quran 5:8

39. Avoid intoxicants and alcohol

“O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.” – The Holy Quran 5:90

40. Do not gamble

“Satan only wants to cause between you animosity and hatred through intoxicants and gambling and to avert you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. So will you not desist?” – The Holy Quran 5:91

41. Do not insult others’ deities

“And do not insult those they invoke other than Allah, lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return, and He will inform them about what they used to do.” – The Holy Quran 6:108

42. Eat and Drink, But Be Not Excessive

“O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess.” – The Holy Quran 7:31

43. Protect and help those who seek protection

“And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah . Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.” – The Holy Quran 9:6

44. Allah will forgive those who have done wrong out of ignorance

“Then, indeed your Lord, to those who have done wrong out of ignorance and then repent after that and correct themselves – indeed, your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful.” –The Holy Quran 16:119

45. Invitation to God should be with wisdom and good instruction

“Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided.” – The Holy Quran 16:125

46. Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge

“And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned.” – The Holy Quran 17.36

47. Keep aloof from what is vain

“And they who turn away from ill speech” – The Holy Quran 23:3

48. Do not enter others’ houses without seeking permission

“O you who have believed, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their inhabitants. That is best for you; perhaps you will be reminded.” – The Holy Quran 24:27

49. Walk on earth with humility

“And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace” – The Holy Quran 25:63

50. Judge with justice between people

“Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing.” – The Holy Quran 4:58

51. Do not neglect your portion of this world

“But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.” – The Holy Quran 28:77

52. Enjoin right, forbid wrong

“O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, [all] that is of the matters [requiring] determination.” – The Holy Quran 31:17

53. Do not walk in insolence through the earth

“And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful.” – The Holy Quran 31:18

54. Women should not display their finery

“And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance. And establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.” – The Holy Quran 33:33

55. Do not despair of the mercy of Allah

“Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah.” – The Holy Quran 39:53

56. Decide on affairs by consultation

“And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is [determined by] consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” – The Holy Quran 42:38

57. The most noble of you is the most righteous

“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” – The Holy Quran 49:13

58. Act justly to people of all faiths

“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” – The Holy Quran 60:8

59. Seek forgiveness of Allah. He is Forgiving and Merciful

“And whatever good you put forward for yourselves – you will find it with Allah . It is better and greater in reward. And seek forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” – The Holy Quran 73:20

Inshallah we all benefit from this and continue to remain on the path of guidance!

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Document 72 Hours – TV – NHK WORLD – English

Document 72 Hours (Documentary)

This is an unusual program series that explores human dramas through chance encounters with ordinary people at selected locations.

Broadcast on Tuesdays. Check the link.

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/tv/72hours/